What Is a Learning Disability?
A learning disability affects the way a person understands information and how they communicate. This means they can have difficulty in understanding new or complex information, learning new skills and coping independently.
What Are The Symptoms?
- Difficulty with reading and/or writing
- Problems with math skills
- Difficulty remembering
- Problems paying attention
- Trouble following directions
- Poor coordination
- Difficulty with concepts related to time
- Problems staying organized1
A child with a learning disability also may exhibit one or more of the following:
- Impetuous behavior
- Inappropriate responses in school or social situations
- Difficulty staying on task (easily distracted)
- Difficulty finding the right way to say something
- Inconsistent school performance
- Immature way of speaking
- Difficulty listening well
- Problems dealing with new things in life
- Problems understanding words or concepts
What Causes a Learning Disability
A learning disability happens when a person’s brain development is affected, either before they are born, during their birth or in early childhood.
Several factors can affect brain development which could include, the mother becoming ill in pregnancy, problems during the birth that stop enough oxygen getting to the brain, the unborn baby developing certain genes, the parents passing certain genes to the unborn baby that make having a learning disability more likely (known as inherited learning disability) and illness, such as menengitis or injury in early childhood
Sometimes there is no known cause for a learning disability.